May 6, 2021

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Various forms of cancer

3 min read
Most cancer types 'just bad luck' - BBC News

Recent research confirms that cancer-related deaths have become rampant. The worst forms of cancer include;

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is one of the most death-causing types of cancer. It involves the abnormal growth of cells in the lungs. The cells divide and multiply abnormally, which eventually results in a tumor. Malignant tumors grow excessively and affect other tissues in the body, such as the brain and liver. Early diagnosis of lung cancer is vital as it makes it easy to treat.

The risk factors that make you more likely to develop lung cancer are smoking cigarettes and marijuana, secondhand smoke, exposure to asbestos, cigars, and pipes. Other diseases such as tuberculosis increase the likelihood of developing lung cancer. Lung cancer contributes to the highest number of cancer-related deaths because most cases are diagnosed later. A lot of awareness needs to be made about lung cancer and the risk factors.

Breast cancer

It is the second cause of cancer deaths and most prevalent among women and the second cause of cancer deaths. Annual mammogram tests can help detect warning signs for early detection. The symptoms include lumps that appear on the breast and changes in the structure of the breast. Increased breast cancer awareness has made it possible to detect the disease in earlier stages than in the past.

Factors that influence the likelihood of developing breast cancer are changes in hormones and genes. Breast cancer treatment is based on the causative factor and how broadly it has spread to other body tissues. The treatment options include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and hormonal therapy.

Colorectal cancer

The colon and rectal form part of the large intestines. They are grouped as they are involved in the digestion and excretion of food substances. Cancer develops on the walls of the large intestines. Malignant tumors are cancerous ones, and this happens when they are not removed.

In some cases, the cancer cells can spread and damage nearby or distant organs and tissues, and once this happens, it is difficult for a patient to experience a complete recovery. Cancers of the colon and rectum are the third most prevalent in western countries because of the high amount of packaged and processed foods people consume in those parts of the world.

Pleural mesothelioma

Pleural mesothelioma is the most common malignant form of mesothelioma. In most instances, the cause is not directly attributed to asbestos exposure. It is possible to get minor tumors with mesothelioma, but the malignant form spreads most to other parts of the body. The risk of developing pleural mesothelioma is heightened by inhaling asbestos and smoking.

The malignancy targets the respiratory system, which is the lungs and ribs lining. The symptoms of pleural mesothelioma can take up to fifty years to show, making it very tricky to detect the disease. The symptoms are mistaken with those of common ailments such as pneumonia. Symptoms include persistent coughing, weight loss, swelling of the face, and difficulty when swallowing. Some patients experience pain in the chest or ribs as a result of the spread of the tumor.

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